Tree Felling

Tree felling is a process of cutting down trees individually. A person who cuts down the tree is known as a tree feller.

Many trees are protected by a tree a preservation order, which means that in general, you will need permission from the council to prune or fell them. Certain trees have controls in conservation areas. You can find out more by heading over to www.gov.uk there is advice on there about the rules and regulations on tree felling.

Disputes between neighbours are often caused by tree felling, sometimes if a tree is blocking light or is in the way in a garden it can lead to problems, by law you are not allowed to force your neighbour to cut down a tree and you cannot go on to your neighbour’s property and cut down the tree yourself. If you do enter into your neighbour’s property and harm the tree you could be liable for double or even triple the value of the tree.

Tree felling can be used if the tree is diseased or damaged, and is behind help and cannot be saved, or if it is a safety issue like a risk to a property. You may also need to use tree felling to cut down a healthy tree to use it to make furniture and other woodwork. Whatever the reason for the tree felling it is essential you get in a professional who knows the correct tree felling techniques.

The forestry commission is the relevant authority in England and Scotland. If you are carrying out tree felling you will need a felling licence, this would be issued by your local forestry commission officer who would probably meet you to discuss it.

There are two main methods involved in tree felling. Hand felling is when a tree is cut down using an axe or chain saw. A feller buncher is a motorized vehicle with an attachment which rapidly cuts and gathers trees in the process of felling them. There are also two types of cuts in tree felling an undercut (a standard undercut and a reverse undercut) and a back cut) this cut is made on the opposite side of the tree).

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Firewood

Firewood is becoming increasingly in demand due to the rise in popularity of Log burners.  Wood and log burners are capable of burning wood and fuel as a source of heating and they normally consist of a solid metal stove usually, cast iron or steel.  The stove is then connected to a ventilation pipe to allow all gases to exit and the correct airflow to take place. This is a cheaper, faster alternative to heating multiple rooms than central heating systems. Fresh air or dampness needs to enter the stove to maintain the correct airflow, to achieve this, vents can be opened or damp firewood can be added to the stove. Extremely dry firewood tends to burn at a faster rate meaning large amounts have to be used to reach your desired temperature, therefore damp firewood may be a more sustainable product.

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Other options to consider when choosing firewood is whether you are purchasing hardwood or softwood. Hardwood would usually be heavier and give more energy than the same size piece of softwood. Hardwoods which burn at a slower rate are produced from trees such as Oak and Ash, Softwoods are produced from trees such as Conifers.

Once purchased there are many ways to store firewood, storing firewood outdoors is the recommended type of storage. Firewood should be placed in a stack with the bark facing upwards to allow the correct draining procedure to occur, storing firewood indoors is not recommended due to the risk of insects and termites entering your home.

When required, place your firewood into position within the stove. Add kindling sticks and a couple of larger pieces of wood leaving a 1cm gap between each piece to allow the correct airflow. Finally, add newspaper or firelighters to the top layer and light. You may need to leave the door open slightly until fully lit to provide the fire with good ventilation.

When lighting and burning firewood please ensure all the correct safety precautions are followed.